'Eating Almonds Improves Blood Glucose Control and Cholesterol' - Study

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News Desk, News Nation 360 : Over the last 40 years, the number of people living with diabetes globally has quadrupled and this upward trajectory is especially steep in India. In fact, Indians have the highest annual progression to type 2 diabetes from pre-diabetes (about 14-18%), which calls for lifestyle interventions to help reverse this trend. This randomized controlled clinical trial aimed to determine the effect of almond consumption on factors of metabolic dysfunction including blood glucose, lipids, insulin, and selected inflammatory markers in adolescents and young adults (aged 16-25 years old) with prediabetes, who resided in Mumbai, India. The study was a randomized, parallel trial of 275 participants (59 male, 216 female) with impaired glucose metabolism (prediabetes). At the start of the study, participants’ weight, height, and waist and hip circumferences were measured and fasting blood samples were taken.  Participants also underwent a glucose tolerance test and their lipid profiles were assessed. Throughout the duration of the study, participants were monitored to ensure they were compliant in eating their snacks. Participants completed dietary intake assessments at the end of the study and the same measurements and blood tests were performed again. Throughout the duration of the study, participants were monitored to ensure they were compliant in eating their snacks. There were no changes in weight, height, waist or hip circumferences or biochemical markers or macronutrient intake between the almond group and the control from the start to post-intervention. Inflammatory markers (TNF-α and IL-6) decreased in the almond group and increased in the control group, but this was not a statistically significant result. Fasting blood glucose levels were significantly reduced in the control group compared to the almond group post-intervention. In the almond group, FG : FI ratio (fasting glucose: fasting insulin) decreased while it increased in the control group but was not statistically significant. When it comes to snack choices, almonds may be one easy - and tasty - dietary strategy. A new study showed that almond snacking helped improve glucose metabolism in adolescents and young adults in India with prediabetes. Limitations of the study include that participants could not be blinded. Further, nutritional intervention studies can also trigger behavioural

changes in both groups as the participants are made aware of their risk during the recruitment process. Further research is needed to investigate the effects of almond consumption on the same measures in other age groups and different ethnicities. Almonds provide fibre (12.5/3.5g per 100g/30g serving) and 15 essential nutrients including (per 100g/30g serving) : magnesium (270/81 mg), potassium (733/220 mg), and vitamin E (25.6/7.7mg), making them a perfect nutrient-rich snack for those with impaired glucose tolerance or type 2 diabetes.

Pic : Courtesy

Report : Anustup Kundu