Covid-19 Leaves Adverse After Effect on Health - Say Experts at CMRI & BM Birla

News Desk, News Nation 360 : Since the first half of June this year, India is experiencing an optimistic situation as the doctors are being optimistic to keep the Covid-19 surge in control. The number of Covid cases is decreasing drastically as the vaccination drive for people above 18 years is pacing up. However, the rising mortality rate of the nation seems to be a threat currently to the healthcare sector. It has already claimed too many lives worldwide to date. People who have survived the infection are experiencing its adverse effects in different body parts especially on the lungs, heart, throat, ears, and nervous system. According to Raja Dhar, pulmonologist, Head of the Pulmonology Department, CMRI/BMB that by far the most common post-Covid lung complication is lung fibrosis. The initial lung damage heals in the first phase by the formation of scar tissue and further healing happens by fibrosis. The leading cause for the formation of scars and fibrosis is inflammation. Whenever there is an excessive inflammatory reaction in the lungs, fibrosis is the factor that they have to combat with. The other very important issue is Pulmonary Thromboembolism (PTE). It is a clot in the pulmonary artery which restricts the oxygen to reach the lungs. It happens because of a prolonged restriction of physical movement. The formation of clots is difficult to diagnose and one needs to have a high degree of clinical suspicion to diagnose this condition. Blood-thinning medications in the long term are the treatment for the formation of blood clots. The other problem that they face in the post-COVID period is the lower respiratory tract infection. This is because at this time the immune system of the body is handicapped and the use of drugs like steroids and monoclonal antibodies impair the immune system even further. These infections lead to fever and symptoms like hypoxia. The saturation drops significantly because of these lower respiratory tract infections. Obesity is a risk factor for all the aforementioned complications. Interestingly in the covid and post-covid period, there can be a significant weight loss in a large number of their patients which might amount to 10-20% of recovered patients. The use of steroids needs to be judicious. Steroids should not be used early on in covid infections unless there is hypoxia and the doses of steroids need to be toned down as far as possible. The Covid survivors are suffering from the after-effects till the next 3-4 months. The Covid-19 virus leaves the maximum impact on the lungs. People with adverse Covid symptoms can deal with the complications for years after recovery. Infection is primarily a form of respiratory illness where the air sacs in the lungs become filled with fluid which leads to limited oxygen absorption. As a result, people experience coughs, shortness of breath etc.

Report : Anustup Kundu