Protect the Heart from Clutches of Diabetes : Doctors at BM Birla Heart Research Centre & CMRI

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News Desk, News Nation 360 : Patients with type 2 diabetes have high chances of heart disease. This is because high blood sugar due to diabetes can affect blood vessels and nerves of the heart. If uncontrolled, this can lead to even fatal heart problems. Doctors at BM Birla Heart Research Centre and CMRI discussed this topic on World Diabetes Day. Dr Anjan Siotia, Director of Cardiology, BM Birla Heart Research Centre, Kolkata said that diabetes does mostly two things in the body-firstly, high blood sugar level leads to more artery blockages and secondly, patients with diabetes usually have high bad cholesterol value. It is important to keep LDL (low-density lipoprotein) or bad cholesterol below 2.6mmol/L. They recommend patients with diabetes and heart diseases to regular walk and exercise and maintain a strict healthy diet prescribed by doctors. Usually, there is a spike in cardiovascular disease cases in winter, in people having high blood pressure, obesity, diabetes, etc. Cold temperatures lead to the shrinking of arteries which lead to higher cortisol

levels. This instigates the heart to pump more blood to keep the body warm. This further deteriorates in patients having diabetes type 2. Diabetes can affect all parts of the body causing peripheral vascular disease, blindness, kidney problem, stroke, heart attacks, etc. In order to reduce the cardiovascular risk of a diabetic patient, maintaining a good blood sugar level is not enough. They need to control their blood pressure, take cholesterol-lowering medication, avoid all tobacco products and exercise regularly. It is very important for diabetic patients to undergo thorough routine check-ups and get all the prescribed blood tests done on time. Additionally, they should go for annual electrocardiograms, or ECGs, which is a test meant for recording the electrical activity of the heart and detecting abnormal heart rhythms. Diabetes may also lead to weak blood circulation to different parts of the body. It is seen that in people suffering from diabetes, the linings of the blood vessels become thicker which makes it difficult for the blood to flow through them properly. Due to the disruption in blood flow, a heart attack or stroke occurs. People suffering from diabetes may also have heart failure. Heart failure is a condition when the heart cannot pump blood well enough. This leads to fluid retention in certain body parts like swelling up of legs, and fluid accumulation in the lungs, making it difficult to breathe. Most of the time minor diabetic-related heart problems do not present with early symptoms, but some common symptoms associated with heart diseases are shortness of breath, chest pain, nausea, increased sweating, dizziness, etc. It is advised to consult a physician regularly to keep the health well-being under monitoring. With the escalation in diabetes cases among populations, there has been a significant rise in the number of heart diseases too. Hence, Dr Anjan Siotia & Dr Kalyan Kumar Gangopadhyay advise to follow a healthy work-life balance together with a proper diet and to keep stress at bay. 

Pic : Courtesy

Report : Anustup Kundu