Healthcare Measures During Monsoon
News Desk, News Nation 360 : Monsoon brings in a variety of stomach problems the commonest being bacterial dysentery and viral diarrhoea. The commonest reason is contaminated drinking water sources and fruits and vegetables which have been washed in dirty water. Diseases like Cholera, Jaundice, Typhoid Dysentery and Viral Gastroenteritis are some of the common ailments that occur. Dr M S Purkait, Medical Superintendent, Techno India Dama Hospital and Dr Aditya Pradhan, Consultant in Cornea, External Diseases and Cataract Disha Eye Hospitals have discussed these. The best ways to avoid gastrointestinal diseases during monsoon are - To drink boiled cooled water or filtered bottled water, To avoid raw vegetables - rather consume steamed or boiled vegetables, Avoid eating fruits from street vendors, include probiotics in diet, Keep properly hydrated and maintain hand hygiene and eat home cooked food, Always keep covered even at home, Eat freshly cooked food, Vegetables should be thoroughly cleaned with boiled cooled water, Food prepared at home should be always covered, Children should be made to wash their hands and feet after coming from outdoors, Children should be
advised not to touch railings and other exposed surfaces in washroom etc as sometimes some people inadvertently become carriers of diseases and can spread it to others without their knowledge, Children should be advised not to swim in water that could be contaminated, Avoid touching animals and to wish the hands thoroughly if they have done so, Food handlers should be tested to find out if they are carriers of diseases and Probiotics like yoghurt and buttermilk should replace aerated fizzy and cola drinks. After a severe bout of sweltering summer heat as the time come for a splash in the rain, it also brings along microbes, which plague eyes with infections. So along with the excitement that monsoon fills with, everyone needs to take proper care of their eyes. Conjunctivitis: Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the conjunctiva (the membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the exposed surface of the eyeball). This eye ailment is quite common during monsoons. Just like viral fever, this infection is also contagious. This is characterized by an acute onset of a red, watery eye. It may be accompanied by pain and discharge and usually starts in one eye and spreads to the other as the secretions are contagious. One may complain of a gritty feeling as if something has fallen in the eye. There may be blood clots visible around the cornea (central dark area) and in case it spreads to the cornea the patient may have symptoms such as intolerance to light (Photophobia), glare, and pain and may see coloured haloes around lights. It usually occurs due to a viral infection and may be preceded by a fever. Though it typically lasts for a week, occasionally it may continue for up to 14 days. One should visit the ophthalmologist for examination as occasionally there can be sight-threatening complications. The secretions are contagious so the patient needs to be careful and use separate towels, bed sheets, etc. Over-the-counter steroid/steroid-antibiotic eye drops should be strictly avoided as they can cause sight-threatening complications. Contact lens wearers must discontinue lens wear till the ophthalmologist allows them to. Sharing of eye drops between affected family members isn’t recommended. Patients should avoid visiting public places, especially community swimming pools. Corneal Ulcers: Corneal ulcer is an infection of the cornea. There is an increased incidence of corneal ulcers in this season, especially among contact lens wearers and those with an interest in gardening/those engaged in farm work. This is characterized by a sudden onset of pain, redness, watering photophobia and decreased vision in the affected eye. This can be serious if not treated immediately, so a visit to the ophthalmologist is mandatory for anyone with the above symptoms. An affected person should stop wearing contact lenses with immediate effect. Treatment is with anti-microbial agents and depends on the severity and aetiology of the condition. Dust, pollens, cosmetics and weather change may trigger allergies. Contact lens wearers need to stop wearing lenses during an episode of allergic conjunctivitis. Wearing sunglasses will protect the eyes from dust and will prevent dust particles from entering the eyes. Over-the-counter steroid/steroid-antibiotic eye drops should be strictly avoided as they can cause sight-threatening complications.
Pic : Courtesy
Report : Anustup Kundu