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The Importance of Organ Donation

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News Desk, News Nation 360: Apollo Multi-specialty Hospital has organized a press conference on the importance of organ donation at the hospital in the esteemed presence of Dr Ramdip Ray the Head of the Department of Liver Transplant & Hepato Pancreato Biliary Surgery at Apollo Multi-specialty Hospitals. Dr. Roy explains the social challenges of organ donation and the surgical intricacies of liver transplants. Dr. Ray performed liver transplants on patients from over 18 countries in his 22-year surgical career before he returned to his hometown, Kolkata. But liver transplant is just coming of age in the eastern part of India. Heart transplants have just started, while the small intestine and pancreas haven’t yet. While India is the preferred global destination for liver transplants in patients from several countries, Dr Ray laments that many patients in India continue to be deprived of this treatment option. This situation is the worst in the eastern and northeastern states of India. The Transplantation of Human Organs and Tissues Act, 1994 grants an Indian citizen the right to receive a kidney or a part of a liver from a family member or a friend. Certain organs, such as heart, lungs, small intestinal, or hand transplants require cadaver donations — the organs received from a deceased donor. However, the Data for Organ Donation and Transplantation (2013–2022) released by the National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO) reveals that there have been only 941 deceased donors in the year 2022. Awareness about the importance of organ donation after brain death needs to be spread so that more and more cadaveric organ transplants can save lives. Dr. Ray explained that for cirrhosis of the liver, most patients in Eastern India die because of delay. Often, they are not even told about the option of having a liver transplant that could save them. Even doctors are not certain about when to recommend a transplant. Many patients are referred at so late a stage that even transplantation has a high likelihood of complications. 

Pic : Courtesy

Report : Anustup Kundu

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